ipdwew0030atl2.public.registeredsite.com/390403-what-is-the.php Studia Humanitatis, 3. Beyond feminist aesthetics: Feminist literature and social change. Substantivity in feminist metaphysics. Philosophical Studies, 10 , On the apparent antagonism between feminist and mainstream metaphysics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Paperback , 3pt3 , — Conflicts and tensions in the feminist study of gender and science.
Keller Eds. Feminist philosophy of science: history, contributions, and challenges. Synthese, 3 , — Schools of thought. Mazdakism Zoroastrianism Zurvanism. Kyoto School Objectivism Postcritique Russian cosmism more Formalism Institutionalism Aesthetic response.
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This book argues that feminist science fiction shares the same concerns as feminist epistemology—challenges to the sex of the knower, the valuation of the. onlausenpo.ml: Feminist Science Fiction and Feminist Epistemology: Four Modes ( Studies in Global Science Fiction) (): Ritch Calvin: Books.
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Science Fiction Fantasy. About Ritch Calvin. Ritch Calvin. Under the direction of Sarah Lefanu the imprint brought together an eclectic range of texts, some reprints of classic feminist sf texts by Russ, Charnas and Gearhart, others originally published as straightforward sf, as for example A Door into Ocean by Joan Slonczewski , or as mainstream literature, like The Book of the Night by Rhoda Lerman The Women's Press also published books by writers who had not necessarily been seen as feminist writers, such as Josephine Saxton , Tanith Lee and Carol Emshwiller , and reprinted the nineteenth century utopia, Charlotte Perkins Gilman 's Herland January-December The Forerunner ; A good sample of the range of contemporary sf that could be considered feminist can be seen in the output of Aqueduct Press , a dedicated publisher of feminist sf.
Aqueduct has produced some of the more radical and overtly feminist texts of the last decade, including Jones 's Life ; Duchamp 's Marq'ssan series; as well as work from feminist writers of colour, such as Andrea Hairston , Vandana Singh and Nisi Shawl. Feminist approaches to sf criticism have now become common, with numerous monographs and collections, and hundreds of articles on the subject. From the late s, the focus of critics turned towards sf produced by women and feminist writers. An important part of this work was the recovery of "herstory": documenting the work of earlier women writers such as C L Moore , and situating feminist sf within a longer history stretching back to Nineteenth-century Utopian works that arose as part of the movement for women's rights.
Unlike the utopias of male writers, these fictions always question the sexual status quo and foreground the position of women. This utopian tradition in women's writing had been mostly forgotten in subsequent decades until its rediscovery by feminist scholars in the s.
In one of the first detailed studies of the topic, In the Chinks of the World Machine: Feminism and Science Fiction ; vt Feminism and Science Fiction , Sarah Lefanu , makes a distinction between feminist sf and "feminized sf". Feminist ideas are able to flourish within sf despite reader resistance because, she claims, sf at its best "deploys a sceptical rationalism as its subtext" and "feminism is based upon a profound scepticism: of the 'naturalness' of the patriarchal world and the belief in male superiority on which it is founded".
Another British study, Aliens and Others by Jenny Wolmark provides sophisticated readings of feminist sf against postmodern and literary theory, while Jane Donawerth's Frankensteins' Daughters: Women Writing Science Fiction undertakes a thematic approach to women's sf, including useful analyses of science in women's sf see Scientists. Recent work has tended to take more historical approaches, looking at the function of gender, sex and feminism in earlier texts, including Brian Attebery 's Decoding Gender in Science Fiction and Justine Larbalestier 's The Battle of the Sexes in Science Fiction Outside the field, feminist literary criticism has paid scant attention to sf works.
Feminist critiques of sf first emerged from within the sf community see Fandom , as writers and fans wrote articles, reviews and letters debating feminist issues, and conducted often fraught dialogues with other fans. Just as earlier male editors and reviewers from the s onwards had argued that women and " Sex " did not belong in sf, feminism was seen by many as something that had no place in sf, even if one did believe in equality between the sexes in principle. The letters debated, agonized and raged over Sex , Gender roles, literature, violence, rape and motherhood, with friction evident not just between the "male" and female writers, but between radicals like Russ and others such as Wilhelm and Kidd.
Khatru captured in microcosm a form of feminist consciousness-raising being carried out in many other Fanzines and Prozines of the time. From the early s onwards, Joanna Russ , Vonda McIntyre and fan writer Susan Wood in particular wrote articles and responded to letters and reviews, attempting to make clearer connections between sexist representations of women in sf with the broader feminist critique of society.
For these writers, sf was not just a reflection of broader sexual politics, but was itself a site for struggles over cultural representation. As these exchanges made clear, the issue of feminism in the sf community was emotive, hotly contested and at times highly acrimonious. Often, debate devolved into personal insults which totally missed Russ's point that "sexism isn't a personal failing, it's institutionalized oppression" Notes from the Chemistry Department Wood felt that her own increasingly vocal critiques of the field impacted on her status in the community: "Complaining about dirty-jokes panels and strip-tease acts at Nevertheless, in the mids feminist fans began to impact on the physical and discursive spaces of sf.
A Worldcon report from Jeanne Gomoll indicated that although it was more frequent, feminist activity and programming remained controversial, becoming "the target of more and more frequent jokes and sometimes, too, of open anger and resentment by those people who think fandom is no place for feminism Not surprisingly, feminist fans created spaces for conversations with like-minded souls, establishing the Women's APA see APA , a number of feminist Fanzines , and the feminist convention Wiscon.
It also collected important bibliographic information aimed at recovering the work of earlier women authors, resulting in a compendium of female sf and fantasy writers published in the issue.